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Information portal of the North of Tunis

 
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Tunis

Google maps: 36°47'58"N 10°10'45"E
Population: 740.256 inhabitants

Tunis (Arabic: تونس‎, Tūnis) is the capital of Tunisia and capitol of Tunis Governorate. Grand Tunis, which includes four governorates has arround 2,4 million inhabitants.

Tunis is Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea gulf - the Gulf of Tunis.The city lies between the flat coast and foot of the hills. Modern city centre surrounds the old medina.

tunis

Medina is a busy agglomeration of small streets and covered passages in the heart of the city. Medina offers many shops with leather and brass articles, spices, fabrics, carpets and tourist souvenirs. Medina and the modern part of the city know gate Bab el Bahr (Sea Gate) separates.

Modern city also known as Ville Nouvelle begins with the long boulevard Avenue Habib Bourguiba, which is surrounded by many hotels, the office buildings, but also cultural facilities. The architecture of many buildings reminiscent of the French colony. But also many of the new building also represents the country's economic growth in recent years.

Tunis is surrounded by city of Ariana, city of Ben Arous and Lake Tunis on the North.

History

The history of Tunis begins in 4th century BC. In that time the city has name Tunes. In 146 BC the Romans destroyed the city along with Carthage.The city was rebuilt during the reign of Augustus and became an important city under Roman control. Tunis served as an excellent place to control sea and land access to Carthage. During 3rd Punic war Tunis was again destroyed and later on again rebuild. Nevertheless Tunis was not really important until the 7th Century, the time of final descrution of Carthage.

The origin of Medina, the oldest part of Tunis is dating back to this year. In this period, Tunis was conquered by the Arab armies. Subsequently, Tunis became an important military site on the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. In 945, the local opposition rebelled and took over the city. The opposition has raised new rules and eliminate their opponents. Followed by a period of unrest that peaked in 1059, when the newly appointed governor of Bejaia restored order throughout the country and chose as the capital for his country, Tunis.

From the 12th century to the 16th century, the old city was controlled by the Almohad and the Hafsid Berber dynasties. During this period Tunis was one of the richest and grandest cities in the Islamic world, with a population of arround 100,000.

From the 16th century to the 19th century, the city was under Ottoman Empire. In the 16th century sometimes the city was short-time under the Spanish monarchy. During the 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French. Immigrants dramatically increased the size of the city. This resulted in the first demolition of the old city walls (1860), but also great modernisation of the city: running water (1860), lighting gas (1872), roads, waste collection (1873) and so on.

Since 1881, French occupied the city and established a protectorate system of administration. It was also turning point in history of Tunis with rapid development of the city. During the First World War the city was quiet. After the war, the city was faced to new modernisation and transformation.

During Second World War, Tunis was held by Nazis forces from November 1942 to May 1943. After the war, the city was faced to new extensions.

After independence in 1956, Tunis has consolidated its role as the capitol of the country, first with the establishment of a constitution stating that the Chamber of Deputies and the Presidency of the Republic must have their headquarters in Tunis and its suburbs. In a very short time, a rapid transforming of the colonial city proceeded.

Transport

Tunis has great transport links with the rest of the country. North, south and west of the country joining the modern highway. South of the country (Sousse, Sfax) railway track and all major cities of the bus and microbus lines. The North Grand Tunis is connected to the capitol by subway TGM and by bus connections.

More information

Top attractions


 

 
CULTURE
For more information visit the official website of Ministry of Culture and Heritage Protection here link.

MUNICIPALITY
The official website of Tunis Municipality is here link.

REGIONAL MAPS
New regional attraction maps are available here.

 
 
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